Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. In Heaven and Hell, Swedenborg gives the reader a detailed description of the afterlife. He deals with God, heaven, hell, angels, spirits, and devils; and he addresses the issues of who is in heaven and hell. Are there any Jews, Muslims, and people of pre-Christian times such as pagan Romans and Greeks in heaven?
He posits that the love of self or of the world drives one t In Heaven and Hell, Swedenborg gives the reader a detailed description of the afterlife. He posits that the love of self or of the world drives one towards hell, and love of God and fellow men towards heaven. Here is the most influential and important book ever written on the subject! In Divine Love and Wisdom, Swedenborg uses reason and empirical facts to prove the existence of God and God's divine love.
He further posits that we are all an essential part of God's Divine plan, and that without us God's plan could not come to fruition. In Divine Providence, Swedenborg explains why it is that we cannot always see God's hand in our chaotic world. Why tragedy and war are allowed to happen and how these things relate to us. If God were to remove all tragedies from our lives, of what worth would free will be?
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Sort order. Michael Lloyd-Billington rated it it was ok Nov 29, Michael Lloyd-Billington rated it it was ok Dec 28, Alex marked it as to-read Jul 24, Later that night, the same man appeared in his dreams. The man told Swedenborg that he was the Lord, that he had appointed Swedenborg to reveal the spiritual meaning of the Bible and that he would guide Swedenborg in what to write.
The same night, the spiritual world was opened to Swedenborg. In June , Swedenborg resigned his post as assessor of the board of mines. He explained that he was obliged to complete a work that he had begun and requested to receive half his salary as a pension. From sometime between and and for ten years henceforth, he devoted his energy to the task. The work was anonymous, and Swedenborg was not identified as the author until the late s. It had eight volumes, published between and It attracted little attention, as few people could penetrate its meaning.
His life from to his death was spent in Stockholm, the Netherlands and London. During the 25 years, he wrote another 14 works of a spiritual nature; most were published during his lifetime. One of Swedenborg's lesser-known works presents a startling claim: that the Last Judgment had begun in the previous year and was completed by the end of that year  and that he had witnessed it. The Heavenly Doctrine also teaches that the Last Judgement was followed by the Second Coming of Jesus Christ , which occurred not by Christ in person but by a revelation from him through the inner, spiritual sense of the Word  through Swedenborg.
In another of his theological works, Swedenborg wrote that eating meat, regarded in itself, "is something profane" and was not practiced in the early days of the human race. However, he said, it now is a matter of conscience, and no one is condemned for doing it. That conclusion may have been reinforced by the fact that a number of Swedenborg's early followers were part of the vegetarian movement that arose in Britain in the 19th century.
His landlord in London, Shearsmith, said he ate no meat, but his maid, who served Swedenborg, said that he ate eels and pigeon pie. In Earths in the Universe , it is stated that he conversed with spirits from Jupiter , Mars , Mercury , Saturn , Venus and the Moon as well as spirits from planets beyond the solar system. Many Heavenly societies were also needed to increase the perfection of the angelic Heavens and Heaven to fill in deficiencies and gaps in other societies.
He argued: "What would this be to God, Who is infinite, and to whom a thousand or tens of thousands of planets, and all of them full of inhabitants, would be scarcely anything! Swedenborg published his work in London or the Netherlands because of their freedom of the press. In July , at the age of 82, he traveled to Amsterdam to complete the publication of his last work. The book, Vera Christiana Religio The True Christian Religion , was published there in and was one of the most appreciated of his works.
Designed to explain his teachings to Lutherans , it is the most concrete of his works. In the summer of , he traveled to London. Shortly before Christmas , he suffered a stroke and was partially paralyzed and confined to bed. His health improved somewhat, but he died in There are several accounts of his last months, made by those with whom he stayed and by Arvid Ferelius, a pastor of the Swedish Church in London, who visited him several times.
There is evidence that Swedenborg wrote a letter to John Wesley , the founder of Methodism , in February. Swedenborg said that he had been told in the world of spirits that Wesley wanted to speak with him. Swedenborg replied that that would be too late since Swedenborg would be going to the spiritual world for the last time on March In Swedenborg's final hours, his friend, Pastor Ferelius, told him some people thought he had written his theology just to make a name for himself and asked Swedenborg if he would like to recant.
Raising himself up on his bed, his hand on his heart, Swedenborg earnestly replied,. When you enter eternity you will see everything, and then you and I shall have much to talk about". He then died, in the afternoon, on the date he had predicted, March In , the Swedish Church in Shadwell was demolished, and the Swedish community that had grown around the parish moved to Marylebone.
In , Princes Square was redeveloped, and in his honour the local road was renamed Swedenborg Gardens. In , a garden, play area and memorial, near the road, were created in his memory. Swedenborg's transition from scientist to revelator or mystic has fascinated many people. He has had a variety of both supporting and critical biographers. That position was first taken by Swedish writer Martin Lamm who wrote a biography of Swedenborg in Swedenborg's approach to proving the veracity of his theological teachings was to use voluminous quotations from the Old Testament and the New Testament to demonstrate agreement with the Bible, and this is found throughout his theological writings, since he rejected blind faith and declared true faith to be an internal acknowledgement of the truth.
The vast use of these Biblical confirmations led a Swedish Royal Council in to examine the heresy charges of against two Swedish supporters of his theological writings: "there is much that is true and useful in Swedenborg's writings". Swedenborg proposed many scientific ideas during his lifetime. In his youth, he wanted to present a new idea every day, as he wrote to his brother-in-law Erik Benzelius in Around , he had changed his mind, and instead believed that higher knowledge is not something that can be acquired, but that it is based on intuition.
After , he instead considered himself receiving scientific knowledge in a spontaneous manner from angels. From , when he considered himself to have entered a spiritual state, he tended to phrase his "experiences" in empirical terms, to report accurately things he had experienced on his spiritual journeys.
The Teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg: Vol I
One of his ideas that is considered most crucial for the understanding of his theology is his notion of correspondences. But, in fact, he first presented the theory of correspondences only in , in the first volume of Regnum Animale dealing with the human soul. The basis of the correspondence theory is that there is a relationship among the natural "physical" , the spiritual, and the divine worlds.
The foundations of this theory can be traced to Neoplatonism and the philosopher Plotinus in particular. With the aid of this scenario, Swedenborg now interpreted the Bible in a different light, claiming that even the most apparently trivial sentences could hold a profound spiritual meaning. Four incidents of purported psychic ability of Swedenborg exist in the literature. On Thursday, 19 July a great and well-documented fire broke out in Stockholm , Sweden. He became agitated and told the party at six o'clock that there was a fire in Stockholm, that it had consumed his neighbor's home and was threatening his own.
Two hours later, he exclaimed with relief that the fire had stopped three doors from his home. In the excitement following his report, word even reached the ears of the provincial governor, who summoned Swedenborg that same evening and asked for a detailed recounting. At that time, it took two to three days for news from Stockholm to reach Gothenburg by courier, so that is the shortest duration in which the news of the fire could reach Gothenburg.
The first messenger from Stockholm with news of the fire was from the Board of Trade, who arrived Monday evening. The second messenger was a royal courier, who arrived on Tuesday. Both of these reports confirmed every statement to the precise hour that Swedenborg first expressed the information. The accounts are fully described in Bergquist, pp. Bergquist states, but does not document, that Swedenborg confirmed his vision of the fire incident to his good friend, Consul Christopher Springer, "one of the pillars of the church, It seems unlikely that the many witnesses to Swedenborg's distress during the fire, and his immediate report of it to the provincial governor,   would have left room for doubt in the public eye of Swedenborg's report.
If Swedenborg had only received news of the fire by the normal methods there would have been no issue of psychic perception recorded for history. Instead, "when the news of Swedenborg's extraordinary vision of the fire reached the capital, public curiosity about him was very much aroused. A second fire anecdote, similar to the first one, but less cited, is the incident of the mill owner Bolander. Swedenborg warned him, again abruptly, of an incipient fire in one of his mills. The third event was in when Swedenborg visited Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, who asked him to tell her something about her deceased brother Prince Augustus William of Prussia.
The next day, Swedenborg whispered something in her ear that turned the Queen pale and she explained that this was something only she and her brother could know about. The fourth incident involved a woman who had lost an important document, and came to Swedenborg asking if a recently deceased person could tell him where it was, which he in some sources was said to have done the following night.
Although not typically cited along with these three episodes, there was one further piece of evidence: Swedenborg was noted by the seamen of the ships that he sailed between Stockholm and London to always have excellent sailing conditions. In , Immanuel Kant , then at the beginning of his career, was impressed by these accounts and made inquiries to find out if they were true.
One Charlotte von Knobloch wrote to Kant asking his opinion of Swedenborg's psychic experiences. He termed Swedenborg a "spook hunter"  "without official office or occupation". Kant never closed off the possibility of mysticism or spirits in Dreams of a Spirit-Seer , and the exact relationship of his thought to Swedenborg's remains unclear, according to contemporary scholars. Swedenborg considered his theology a revelation of the true Christian religion that had become obfuscated through centuries of theology. However, he did not refer to his writings as theology since he considered it based on actual experiences, unlike theology,  except in the title of his last work.
Neither did he wish to compare it to philosophy , a discipline he discarded in because, he claimed, it "darkens the mind, blinds us, and wholly rejects the faith". In a significant portion of that work, he interprets the Biblical passages of Genesis and Exodus. He reviews what he says is the inner spiritual sense of these two works of the Word of God. He later made a similar review of the inner sense of the book of Revelation in Apocalypse Revealed.
He begins this work by outlining how the creation myth was not an account of the creation of Earth, but an account of man's rebirth or regeneration in six steps represented by the six days of creation. Everything related to mankind in the Bible could also be related to Jesus Christ , and how Christ freed himself from materialistic boundaries through the glorification of his human presence by making it Divine. Swedenborg examines this idea in his exposition of Genesis and Exodus. One often discussed aspect of Swedenborg's writing is his ideas on marriage.
Swedenborg himself remained a bachelor all his life, but that did not hinder him from writing voluminously on the subject. His work on Marriage Love Conjugial Love [g] in older translations was dedicated to this purpose. A central question with regard to marriage is whether it stops at death or continues into heaven.
The question arises due to a statement attributed to Jesus that there is no marriage in heaven Luke —38, Matthew —32, and Mark — The quality of the relationship between husband and wife resumes in the spiritual world in whatever state it was at their death in this world. Thus, a couple in true marriage love remain together in that state in heaven into eternity.
The Dharma of Emanuel Swedenborg: A Buddhist Perspective
A couple lacking in that love by one or both partners, however, will separate after death and each will be given a compatible new partner if they wish. A partner is also given to a person who loved the ideal of marriage but never found a true partner in this world.
The exception in both cases is a person who hates chaste marriage and thus cannot receive such a partner. Swedenborg saw creation as a series of pairings, descending from the Divine love and wisdom  that define God and are the basis of creation. This duality can be seen in the pairing of good and truth,  charity and faith,  God and the church,  and husband and wife. In the case of marriage, the object is to bring about the joining together of the two partners at the spiritual and physical levels, and the happiness that comes as a consequence. Swedenborg rejected the common explanation of the Trinity as a Trinity of Persons, which he said was not taught in the early Christian church.
There was, for instance, no mention in the Apostolic writings of any "Son from eternity". Swedenborg spoke in virtually all his works against what he regarded as the incomprehensible Trinity of Persons concept. He said that people of other religions opposed Christianity because of its doctrine of a Trinity of Persons. He considered the separation of the Trinity into three separate Persons to have originated with the First Council of Nicaea and the Athanasian Creed. The Heavenly Doctrine rejects the concept of salvation through faith-alone sola-fide in Latin , since he considered both faith and charity necessary for salvation , not one without the other, whereas the Reformers taught that faith-alone procured justification, although it must be a faith which resulted in obedience.
The purpose of faith, according to The Heavenly Doctrine , is to lead a person to a life according to the truths of faith, which is charity, as is taught in 1 Corinthians and James In other words, Swedenborg spoke sharply against the faith-alone doctrine of Luther and others. He held that justification before God was not based solely upon some imputed righteousness before God, and was not achievable merely by a gift of God's grace sola gratia , granted without any basis in a person's actual behavior in life.
Sola-fide was a doctrine averred by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli and others during the Protestant Reformation, and was a core belief especially in the theology of the Lutheran reformers Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon. Although the sola-fide doctrine of the Reformers also emphasized that saving faith was one that effected works  by faith-alone, but not by a faith which is alone , Swedenborg protested against faith-alone being the instrument of justification, and held that salvation is only possible through the conjunction of faith and charity in a person, and that the purpose of faith is to lead a person to live according to the truths of faith, which is charity.
He further states that faith and charity must be exercised by doing good out of willing good whenever possible, which are good works or good uses or the conjunction perishes. In one section he wrote:. It is very evident from their Epistles that it never entered the mind of any of the apostles that the church of this day would separate faith from charity by teaching that faith-alone justifies and saves apart from the works of the law, and that charity therefore cannot be conjoined with faith, since faith is from God, and charity, so far as it is expressed in works, is from man.
But this separation and division were introduced into the Christian church when it divided God into three persons, and ascribed to each equal Divinity. Swedenborg made no attempt to found a church. Suzuki , and W. In contrast, one of the most prominent Swedish authors of Swedenborg's day, Johan Henric Kellgren , called Swedenborg "nothing but a fool". In the two and a half centuries since Swedenborg's death, various interpretations of his theology have been made, and he has also been scrutinized in biographies and psychological studies. Additionally, the system of thought in his theological writings is considered by some to be remarkably coherent.
An English friend of Kant's who visited Swedenborg at Kant's behest described Swedenborg as a "reasonable, pleasant and candid man and scholar". Copies of the original Latin version in which Swedenborg wrote his revelation are available from the following sources. List of referenced works by Swedenborg and the year they were first published. Within parenthesis is the common name used in a New Church listing  Then follows the title in its original publication.
All the titles listed were published by Swedenborg, except one, The Spiritual Diary, which was not. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Portrait of Swedenborg by Carl Frederik von Breda. Stockholm , Swedish Empire. London , England. Mining engineer Anatomist Astronomer Author. True Christian Religion Heaven and Hell. Theology Science Philosophy. History Timeline.
Christian Catholic Mysticism. Buddhist modernism New religious movement " Spiritual but not religious " Syncretism. Spiritual experience.
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